Arthroscopy has been performed for many years, but with a focus mainly on conditions related to the knee and shoulder. The technology, though, lends itself to conditions of the hip as well. Conditions such as acetabular labral tear and femoroacetabular impingement are successfully treated with this minimally invasive technology. This, ultimately, allows for a quicker recovery with less pain than an open surgical procedure.
Hip Arthroscopy Procedure
The hip joint is accessed through small incisions through which a small camera and instruments are used to visualize and make repairs to the joint. Depending on the patient’s specific condition, instruments may be used to debride or repair labral tears, debride or repair cartilage damage, and/or reshape a misshaped femoral head or acetabulum to allow for smooth movement of the hip joint. Hip arthroscopy is typically performed as an outpatient procedure, allowing the patient to return home several hours after completion to begin recovery.
After hip arthroscopy the patient will be placed in a hip brace and most patients are able to walk with the use of crutches for two to three weeks. A post-operative evaluation will be scheduled for two weeks after the procedure to check the incision sites for the status of their healing, as well as range of motion. In most cases the patient will begin physical therapy in the days after arthroscopy to begin rebuilding muscle strength, flexibility, and range of motion in the surgical hip.
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